By Janet Colston, PhD
The Medical Qualities of Berries
We all recently discover ourselves dealing with Coronavirus, the first worldwide pandemic of maximum of our lives and ever changing uncertainty around the economy and our personal futures.   Each country has issued their own reaction to the outbreak. While many americans are thinking about their own health and puzzling over what they can do to be as fit as possible.
The CDC recommends the following measures in regard to COVID-19.

How to offer protection to yourself • What to do if you are sick
Disclaimer: We are now not doctors and do no longer prescribe this blog as a medicinal alternative to bona fide scientific recommendation should you agreement seasonal flu or Coronavirus.
Always seek advice from a expert before employing a plant medicinally.
Functional foods have historically been used in a extensive variety of communities around the world for all of recorded history.  But, did you understand about the different diversity of local medicinal plant life around the world that are still used as traditional drugs, especially in locations in which access to contemporary day healthcare is scarce?

There are a massive number of berries fed on globally that have medicinal properties proven to be  a sensible suggestion to human fitness.

Here are a few of our favorites:

Acai (Arecaceae) – These are even handed a superfood because they are top in fatty acids, proteins and anthocyanins which enhance the immune system.  They are a dark purple fruit from the palm trees in South America and can be discovered in maximum supermarkets in dried type.


Agarita (Mahonia Trifoliolata) – Native to Texas this is a wild currant. Native Americans used the roots of this plant for its antiseptic properties to treat fever, wounds and abdomen disturbances. [2]
Amalaki-Indian Gooseberry

Amalaki -Indian Gooseberry (Emblica officinalis – fructus) – These are small fibrous tree bearing berries with a sour taste, grown principally for their Ayurvedic medicinal properties and traditionally used to treat colds amongst other illnesses.

Rich in Vitamin C, phenols, alkaloids and tannins, the berries have helpful antioxidant and anti inflammatory properties.


Aronia (Rosacae sp.) – This shrub is local to north America having said that is now cultivated in Eastern Europe, also regularly occurring as the chokeberry due to its ability to ‘dry’ out saliva in the mouth. It is a wealthy source of fitness promoting antioxidants, manganese and Vitamin C which support and strengthen the immune system. [4]
Barbados Cherry5.

Barbados Cherry /Acerola (Malpighia emarginata) – As the call shows this berry is local to the Caribbean and components of colossal America. Richer than any other fruit in Vitamin C, acerola is used in advertisement production of nutrients and aids the absorption of dietary iron. In addition to relief from breathing prerequisites, this berry has many medicinal homes due to the antioxidants, cyanidins and quercetin that also alleviate signs of diabetes. [5]  

Barberry (Berberis Vulgaris) – Native to Europe, Africa and Asia these sour berries can be eaten whilst cooked – high in Vitamin C, they include an alkaloid antioxidant, berberine, historically used for digestive disorders and skin infections. [6]

Bearberry (indigenous kinnickinnick) – A good resource of food for Polar bears in the Artic, these berries are amassed for their medicinal characteristics and used in classic drug treatments for pain relief and to treat arthritis and gout. But devour with caution as overconsumption can result in destructive aspect outcomes.

[7a] [7b]

Blackberry (Rubus fructicosus) – Packed complete of tannins, gallic acid, villosin and iron, blackberries have significant antimicrobial, anticancer and anti-diabetic properties.


Boysenberries (Rubus sp.) – These are a European hybrid pass between raspberries, blackberries, dewberries and Loganberries. Large aggregate culmination are formed, top in antioxidants and in certain potassium which helps alter blood pressure and reduces the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. [9] 

Buffalo Berry (Shepherdia argentea) – High in Vitamin C and lycopene, this colourful berry is found out on the American plains. A near relation of seabuckthorn berries, big amounts can result in digestive irritation. [10]

Bunchberry (Cornus Canadensis) – Native to Asia, North America, Canada and Greenland these berries are discovered on vegetation associated to the creeping dogwood family. This berry is a highly effective antibiotic, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory. Teas made from the leaves can be used to treat fever, coughs and lung illnesses.


Caperberry  (Capparis spinosa) – These are the olive sized berries of a prickly Mediterranean plant that kind if capers are allowed to flower and set seed. Grown in arid regions with terrible rocky soil they are packed complete of polyphenols adding quercetin and carotenoids, lutein and diet E.

In Chinese medicine they are used for their anti-cancer homes and ability to cut blood glucose degrees in Type II diabetes. [12] 

Cloudberry – (Rubus chamaemorus) – This is a hardy rhizomatous alpine discovered certainly becoming in the northern hemisphere, a certain delicacy in Russia, Norway and Finland. Known to protect against cardiovascular diseases and detoxify the body by means of stimulating blood circulation. Like its more cultivated cousins, the blackberry and raspberry, it also prevents diabetes and improves digestion. [13]

Cowberry (vaccinium vitis-idaea) Also general as Lingonberry and the red whortle berry they come from a quick evergreen shrub native to the boreal forest and Artic tundra regions in the Northern Hemisphere. They are simply about fit for human consumption and have a very sharp flavor, continually discovered in jellies, specifically if you stopover at IKEA. Lingonberry  has been used to treat urinary tract infections, kidney stones and more generally as a diurectic. [14]

Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) – Native to North America, cranberries are a established and nutritious berry grown on vines, (some in Massachusetts are more than 150 years old).  Packed full of Vitamin C, sailors used them to give protection to against scurvy. They are high in anthocyanins, predominantly cyanidin & peonidin and the flavonols, myricetin & kaempferol. One of the most studied phenols, Resveratrol is discovered in top quantities in cranberries in addition to the carotenoid lutein. These all give a contribution to its disease combating capacity as a cardiovascular protectant as well as digestive and urinary tract health, and either anticancer and antidiabetic houses.


Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) – This is one of the most commonly used medicinal berries in the world, used in ancient times from Native Americans to ancient Egyptians, it was used to treat colds and flu signs.

But caution must be delivered as the raw berries need to be cooked until now eating. [16]

Farkleberry (vaccinium arboreum) – Also primary as Sparkleberries, they are astringent and sharp to style then again have been used as a herbal cure to treat diarrhea and dysentery. They also have antiseptic homes and can treat sore throats and conjunctivitis, an occasional symptom of Covid-19.


Goji Berry (Lycium barnarum/ Lycium chinense) – Also conventional as wolfberries these are local to Asia. The berries are high in antioxidants, especially zeaxanthin which protects the eyes from UV light. Boosted via Vitamins A & C they are identical in their antioxidant outcome to blueberries and used to reinforce immunity from colds, liver disease, diabetes and cancer. [18]

Gooseberry (Ribes sp.) – Native to Europe, the caucasus and northern Africa, gooseberries are closely related to currants and commonly used to reduce cholesterol degrees and to treat persistent heartburn. Rich in Vitamin C, B5 & B6, copper, manganese and potassium they effectively augment the immune system. [19]

Hackberry (Celtis Occidentalis) – Native to north America and Canada, those berries were used via Native Indians to treat jaundice and sore throats due to antioxidant properties.


Himalayan Blackberry (Rubus armeniacus) – This berry is at the start native to Armenia and Northern Iran and widely naturalised elsewhere. It is considered an invasive species colonising roadsides and pastures. It has identical medicinal uses to the more common blackberry, Rubus Fructicosus. [21]

Huckleberry  (Vaccinium ovatum) – Native to the Pacific Northwest, they have prime levels of Vitamin C,  average to offer protection to opposed to heart disease, and eye illnesses.


Juneberry (Amelanchier canadensis) – Also well-known as the Canadian Serviceberry it is found out in hedgerows in North America and Britain. Packed with Vitamins and minerals it can be made into a herbal tea to enhance immune systems. [23]

Mulberry (Morus sp.) – Mulberries, black/white/red are sweet nutritional berries prime in antioxidant anthocyanins and packed with Vitamins C, K1 & E, Iron and potassium which improve immunity. [24]
Nanny berry

Nanny Berry (Viburnum Lentago) – Native to North America, also referred to as the sheepberry the fruit can be used to treat respiration illnesses and digestive complications as neatly as tension and pain relief. [25]

Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) –  Native to the Pacific Northwest, west principal regions and Northwest Europe, salmonberry is heavily associated to the raspberry, thimbleberry and cloudberry. High in manganese, Vitamins A, C and K, the berries have protective  cardiovascular properties.


Schisandra berry (schisandra chinensis) – The end result are also frequent as magnolia berry or five taste fruit, and are local to forests of Northern China and Russia. The berry seeds contain dibenzo-cyclooctadiene lignans that display hepatoprotective outcomes with an skill to increase diet C degrees in the liver. The berries are top in antioxidants that give protection to the brain, middle and liver and have really helpful results in the remedy of respiratory diseases.


Siberian ginseng Berry (Eleutheracoccus senticosus)  Native to Northeastern Asia, it is also general as the devil’s bush. The berries have been historically used to treat colds and advance the immune system,  particularly inflammatory stipulations like rheumatoid arthritis. The dried end result, fed on as food, are rich in calcium and minerals and flavonoids. [28]

Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus) – Also conventional as waxberry or ghostberry they are native to north and primary America. The berries contain saponins so are fairly inedible and can be toxic in big quantities.

However Native Americans used the berries topically to treat wounds and eye infections. [29]

Sugarberry (Celtis Laevigata) – also known as the Texan Hackberry, this is a southern state variety of the hackberry and has similar medicinal houses.

Growing Berries
Growing cultivated types of berries such as strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, currants, (we will speak about in more detail in next articles), blackberries and gooseberries are regular and they do well in suitable decisions of soil with little maintenance apart from occasional pruning. However, wild berries that have adapted to very specific climates are more of a problem to grow in non native geographies and climatic stipulations.

If you desire to try those in hydroponics take a look at those resources:
Essentials for becoming hydroponic strawberries successfully
Sustainable Hydroponic and Soilless Strawberry Production Systems YouTube Channel
Janet Colston PhD is pharmacologist with an attention in becoming ‘functional’ foods that have additional phytonutrients and reveal medicinal traits that are really helpful to human health.

She grows those using a diversity of options including plant tissue micropropagation and controlled environmental agriculture to be sure the highest satisfactory control.